- What protections exist for child labor across types of work?
- What protections exist for child labor across duration of work?
- What protections exist for child labor regarding night work?
The Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), ratified by all but three UN countries, clearly articulates boys’ and girls’ right to be free from working long hours during childhood. Article 32 of the convention affirms that “States Parties recognize the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development.”
The evidence clearly supports the need to control child labor by preventing full-time work, work that conflicts with school, and hazardous work. In order to understand what countries are doing to protect children we collected information about government policies and laws surrounding child labor, including provisions related to hazardous work, general employment, working conditions, night work, and time off.