This map tells us whether nations include provisions in their constitution to protect the right to medical services for citizens.
Only constitutional provisions are included in this map. Legislative protections are not shown here. Read more about why constitutions matter.
- The right to medical services includes “curative services,” “health-care services,” or “disease treatment,” or discussion of the state’s responsibility to restore/rehabilitate health.
- Not granted means that the constitution does not explicitly mention the right to medical services. This does not mean that the constitution denies this right, but that it does not explicitly include it.
- Granted to specific groups, not universally means the constitution explicitly guarantees the right to medical services to specific groups, but not to all citizens. Specific groups that are named in constitutions include children, the elderly, the poor, persons with disabilities, women, and ethnic minorities.
- Aspirational means that the constitution protects the general right to medical services but does not use language strong enough to be considered a guarantee . For example, the nation intends to provide medical services.
- Guaranteed means that the constitution explicitly guarantees the right to medical services to citizens in authoritative language. For example, constitutions in this category might guarantee citizens’ right to medical services or make it the State’s responsibility to ensure the protection of the right to medical services.